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刊行物、報告書および研究調査

 

The Economics of Direct Air Carbon Capture and Storage
The Economics of Direct Air Carbon Capture and Storage

26th July 2022

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a set of technologies that capture CO2 from large emission sources or from the atmosphere and safely stores it underground or permanently in products. As the scale and urgency of climate action has become clearer in recent years and governments and companies have done the necessary work to map their own pathways to climate neutrality, carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies - direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS) in particular - have become a focal point in climate mitigation.

This paper explores the economics of DACCS, relying on the economic model described in the methodology, in which actors within the energy system are free to pursue least-cost options in meeting net-zero pathways. The intent of the paper is a thought experiment to show how DACCS deployment might affect the global energy system. It focuses solely on the cost of DACCS - applying no additional policy assumptions - and is not a forecast.

The paper finds that:

  • DACCS plays a unique role among technological climate mitigation options as it can function as a backstop technology, potentially avoiding climate disaster if other low-cost pathways are not realised.
  • Low-cost DACCS, should it be realised, would reduce the total cost of decarbonisation and meeting climate goals.
  • If DACCS deployment is limited due to high costs, the main decarbonisation pathway for industry and transport (except light duty vehicles, which are electrified) is hydrogen.
  • Electricity generation, buildings, and light vehicles are largely unaffected by the deployment of DACCS and decarbonise through increased efficinecy and renewable energy pathways.
  • The challenge inherent for governments is to implement policy and provide incentives for immediately available mitigation pathways, while supporting the development and commercialisation of lower-cost DACCS.

 

Download a description of the economic model used in this paper here.

 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Bonn Climate Conference Outcomes
Bonn Climate Conference Outcomes

7th July 2022

2022年6月6日から16日にかけて開催された第56回補助機関ボン気候変動会議では、2022年11月に開催される国連気候変動会議(COP27)に向けて、すべての締約国が集まり、前進を遂げました。

インスティテュートは、オブザーバーとしてボンの会合に立ち会い、交渉プロセスをフォローし、適切な場での議論に参加し、各国代表者や参加者と連絡を取り合いました。

本ブリーフでは、パリ協定のグローバルストックテイク(GST)や第6条交渉など、CCSに最も関連する分野で行われた主要な議論に焦点を当て、今回の会議での主な成果について概説しています。

ボンでの気候変動交渉の成果
CCSに関する考察
COP27に向けた次のステップ

本書は、インスティテュートの国際気候変動担当上級政策アドバイザーであるNoora Al Amerが執筆したもので、COP27とパリ協定の実施におけるCCSの役割に関する書籍シリーズの第一弾となります。

 

以上


Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Dispelling Myths Around CCS (Factsheet)
Dispelling Myths Around CCS (Factsheet)

13th June 2022

CCSの加速的な展開は、気候変動を減速させ、ネット・ゼロへの移行を実現するための解決策においての重要な一つである。しかし、世間にはまだCCSに関する誤った情報が多くある。

 

グローバルCCSインスティテュートのこの新しい2ページでは、CCSに関する最も一般的な5つの神話に取り組んでいる。

 

  • CCSは実証されていない技術である
  • CCSのコストは高すぎる
  • CO2貯留は安全でない
  • CCSは化石燃料産業を延命させ、世界の気候変動目標の達成を遅らせるだけである。
  • CCSプロジェクトで回収されたすべてのCO2を安全に貯留するための十分な場所はない。

 

IEAやIPCC、その他の信頼できる学術団体による最新の研究結果を参照しながら、これらの神話に対する証拠の詳細について学ぶには、本ファクトシートをご参照ください。

 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

An ESG Reporting Methodology to Support CCS-Related Investment
An ESG Reporting Methodology to Support CCS-Related Investment

9th June 2022

The ESG reporting landscape remains dynamic and there is an increasingly clear opportunity for both project proponents and investors to leverage ESG frameworks for the deployment of CCS in pursuit of decarbonisation. However, while there are few barriers to reporting CCS-specific activities within an organisation’s climate risk mitigation activities, questions remain about the quality and utility of this information.

This thought leadership report from the Institute builds upon previous analysis, to consider in greater detail how project proponents and investors may leverage the benefits of their CCS-related investments and project operations, in the context of the wider reporting environment. The Institute has developed a CCS-specific methodology, highlighting potential pathways for the reporting of CCS activities within current ESG schemes and reporting regimes. This non-prescriptive approach aligns with the six high-level themes identified within leading existing schemes and is in-line with feedback received from a variety of stakeholders on consolidation and harmonisation.

 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Pore Space Rights – U.S. Overview
Pore Space Rights – U.S. Overview

25th May 2022

米国における二酸化炭素(CO2)の地層貯留は、間隙の所有権というユニークな財産法の問題を提起しています。

本報告書は、アメリカ地域担当の政策アドボカシーマネージャーのRuth Ivory-Mooreが執筆し、米国内の間隙水所有権の問題を要約し、19の異なる州における孔隙の所有権に関する財産権法の現状を簡単に説明しています。

 

 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

State of the Art: CCS Technologies 2022
State of the Art: CCS Technologies 2022

17th May 2022

With the emergence of Carbon Capture and Storage as an essential tool to limit climate change impact and reduce emissions from energy intensive industries, interest in CCS has been growing at an unprecedented rate in recent years.

As a result of the key role played by CCS in the energy transition towards a net-zero future, the economic performance of CCS is becoming increasingly important and technology development fundamental to meet the demand for improved CO2 capture systems, transport costs and storage options.

In our inaugural Technology Compendium, authored by Dr. Nouman Mirza and Dr. David Kearns, we take a look at a wide range of commercially-available CCS technologies around the world and analyse technology developments in the context of CO2 capture, transport, storage and the full value chain.

 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Developments and Opportunities – A Review of National Responses to CCS Under the London Protocol
Developments and Opportunities – A Review of National Responses to CCS Under the London Protocol

4th May 2022

In a perspective released by the Institute, authors Ian Havercroft and Chris Consoli explain how amendments to the London Protocol has enhanced prospects to scale up CCS. With greater flexibility under the London Protocol, including transboundary movement of CO2 aimed for storage now permitted, this perspective looks at how nations in Europe and Asia Pacific are responding to potential CCS opportunities provided with lessened regulatory barriers.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CCS in the latest IPCC report “Mitigation of Climate Change”
CCS in the latest IPCC report “Mitigation of Climate Change”

26th April 2022

In a report released by the UN International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) titled ‘Mitigation of Climate Change’, authors – part of Working Group III – pointed to the critical role carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play as a climate solution, on the urgent path to limit global warming.

The Institute takes a closer look at this key IPCC report in a newly released brief, authored by our Senior Policy Adviser on International Climate Change, Noora Al Amer. In it, the Institute unpacks the details of the IPCC findings, highlighting:

  • The emissions mitigation potential CCS will provide a wide range of sectors, further supporting pathways to net-zero
  • Where CCS stands on the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals
  • How scaling CCS deployment can vary based on region

Download the brief below for the full overview.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CCS Networks in the Circular Carbon Economy: Linking Emissions Sources to Geologic Storage Sinks
CCS Networks in the Circular Carbon Economy: Linking Emissions Sources to Geologic Storage Sinks

5th October 2021

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) networks linking emissions point sources to a CO2 transport and storage hub is emerging as the lowest-cost and most cost-effective method of CCS development. As part of the Circular Carbon Economy: Keystone to Global Sustainability series with the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University SIPA, this report reviews emissions and storage basins worldwide, seeking to link clusters of emissions-intensive regions to potential geologic storage basins.

The report is presented in two parts:

  • In part one, using a single methodology to characterise global emissions and basins, the authors perform a high-level, regional analysis identifying potential CCS networks by linking suitable storage to intense emissions centres across the globe
  • In part two the authors present a conceptual approach to designing a CO2 transport network from distributed sources to a target geological formation for storage, outlining the selection of gas-phase and dense-phase pipeline transport as well as an approach to minimising the cost of pipelines over the network.

Key findings from the report include:

  • Potential CCS networks can be identified in almost every industrialised region of the world.
  • Those potential networks identified in this report can guide future detailed investigation and planning required for CCS network development.
  • Each industrialised region of the world has access to storage resources ranked as highly suitable or suitable.
  • The combination of emission sources in proximity to storage sinks means a global portfolio of CCS networks is technically possible. These networks provide the greatest opportunity to rapidly decarbonise large clusters of power and industrial sources.
  • Inadequate characterisation of geologic storage resources is the critical limiting factor to CCS network development across the globe.
  • Comprehensive national assessments are still needed for the majority of nations. Until these assessments are completed, insufficient understanding of geologic storage resources will remain a significant barrier to CCS network development.
  • Pipeline and compression networks require the development of cost models for piping and compression systems for the specific country and local costs of energy and construction. This provides the quantitative basis for decisions in network design.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

インスティテュート文献「CCS初級ウェビナー・シリーズより101の質疑応答」
インスティテュート文献「CCS初級ウェビナー・シリーズより101の質疑応答」

2nd September 2021

本文献は、「101 Questions and 101 Answers from the CCS 101 Webinar Series」の参考日本語訳となります。

原典はこちらです→ リンク

 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

101 Questions and 101 Answers from the CCS 101 Webinar Series
101 Questions and 101 Answers from the CCS 101 Webinar Series

31st July 2021

2021年4月23日から5月21日までの間、グローバルCCSインスティテュートは、米国議会のスタッフおよび、CCSに関心のあるステイクホルダー向に、「The Carbon Capture and Storage 101 Webinars」と題して、3回のウェビナーを、開催いたしました。 このCCS入門講座へは、世界55カ国から、最大792名、最小465名の参加がありました。

このCCS基礎講座ウェビナーの参加者である、業界関係者、学者、議会スタッフ、報道関係者、そして一般の方々から寄せられた質問総数は101となり、技術的なものだけでなく財政的、地理的、社会的、政治的等多岐に渡っています。

今後CCSの展開がスケールアップしていく際に、恐らく同様の質問が寄せられることが予想され、本書はそれらに対応する教育ツールとしてご参照いただけるものと思います。

本書は英語でかかれておりますが、後日日本語版も公開予定です。

 

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<参考情報>

関連ウェビナー:「The Carbon Capture and Storage 101 Webinars」(2021年4月23日より5月21日まで、三回開催)

第一回録画:“Introducing a CCS Project,”

第二回録画:“CCS Infrastructure for a Net-Zero Future,”

第三回録画:“CCS Policy for a Net-Zero Future.”


Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CCS in the Circular Carbon Economy: Policy and Regulatory Recommendations
CCS in the Circular Carbon Economy: Policy and Regulatory Recommendations

23rd July 2021

Topic(s): ccsCCS FinanceCCS InvestmentPolicy

CCS is one of many climate mitigating technologies that is mature, commercially available, and absolutely necessary to achieve global net-zero ambitions and a stable climate. The total installed CCS capacity must increase 100-fold by 2050 to limit global warming to below 2° Celsius.

This report summarises policy and legal factors that have a material impact on the investability of CCS projects and makes recommendations on how governments may facilitate greater private sector investment in CCS.

The report examines and covers:

  • Financing CCS
  • The development of CCS-specific legal and regulatory frameworks
  • Recommendations addressing policy, finance and regulatory matters

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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